DART Light Rail
The DART Light Rail system started in on June 14, 1996. DART already had buses since the 1980's. The trains in 1996 consisted of the Blue Line to Pearl Station in Downtown Dallas, from Illinois Station in the South Oak Cliff neighborhood of Dallas, Texas, and the Red Line from Westmoreland Station in West Oak Cliff, to Pearl Station. Then, in 1998, the rail system expanded the Blue Line south to Ledbetter Station in South Oak Cliff, and North to White Rock Station in North Dallas, and the Red Line north to Park Lane Station. In 2000, the Blue Line extended up one more station to Lyndon B. Johnson Freeway (I-635)/Skillman,(LBJ/Skillman) Station. In 2001, the Blue Line Extended north to Downtown Garland Station in Garland, Texas. In 2004, the Red Line was fully completed north through Richardson, Texas, and up to Parker Road Station in Plano, Texas. On September 14, 2009, DART opened phase 1 of its new Green Line currently running from Martin Luther King Jr. Station in South Dallas, to Victory Station at the American Airlines Center in North Dallas. Phase 2 will open on December 6, 2010 from Buckner Station in the Pleasant Grove neighborhood of Dallas, through Farmers Branch, Texas, and up to North Carrollton/Frankford Station in Carrollton, Texas. In December 2011, the Irving LRT Corridor project known as the Orange Line will open Irving 1, which is Bachman Station on the Green Line Route, and to University of Dallas Station in Northwest Dallas. Irving 2 is University of Dallas to Belt Line Station in South Irving. The Irving 3 section is Belt line to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport (DFW Airport) sation.
The DART trains are Kinkisharyo LRV's models 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, and 2001. Theses are Fleet 1 trains, which are the loud, 12-speed trains, top speed 70 m.p.h., fleet numbers 101-195. In 2006 DART recieved 15 new trains. These are the Fleet 2 trains, which are quieter. They are identical to the Fleet 1, but the fleet one has a small air vent over the first and last set of wheels, fleet 2 does not. It has a quieter motor, 3-speed, top speed 70 m.p.h. All are articulationg trains. They have a 850v Dc overhead trolley system.
In 2009, DART recieved new middle sections to add to the trains. Most trains now have them, but some still haven't undergone the transformation. The trains that have them are trains 103-112, 144-119, 122-129, 133-136, 140-168, 170-188, 190-215. All the other trains have not undergone the transformation. Instead of replacing the LRV's, they just divided them and added the section C low floor section, and reconnected he train. Now they are called SLRV's (Super Light Rail Vehicle). Also, when the trains underwent the transformation, the efficiency was made higher, so now, instead of a 850v DC, the SLRV's have a 750 V DC overhead trolley system. the SLRV's are double articulating. The Manufacturer of the trains is Kinkisharyo International LLC.